Jane Cooke Wright was a leader in cancer research at a time when African American doctors were scarce, and African American women doctors were even scarcer. She led Harlem Hospital’s Cancer Research Foundation, co-founded the American Society of Clinical Oncology, and served as the first female president of New York’s Cancer Society. She created the technique of testing chemo drugs on cancer tissue samples rather than on patients themselves. She also created a less invasive technique for treating tumors by delivering chemo with a catheter rather than only relying upon surgical removal of tumors and entire organs.
Source: Rachel Ignotofsky, Women in Science